MT Independenta was a 1978-built Romanian-flagged crude oil provider. 283 m lengthy she was the largest ship of her nation’s industrial fleet at the moment. By mid November 1979, the Independenta, carrying 94,000 tons of Libyan crude oil to Constanta, Romania, dropped anchor at about four nautical miles off the southern entrance of the Istanbul Strait. Early within the morning of 15 November at 04:35 the Greek cargo ship M/V Evriali transporting 7,400 tons metal from Ukraine to Italy collided with Independenta hitting the Romanian ship on the starboard aspect. The collision brought about an enormous explosion. The home windows of properties as much as six kilometres inland have been smashed and the 2 vessels went on hearth. 43 crew members of the tanker died, solely three survived the crash. If the hearth onboard the Evrialy was introduced beneath management the identical day, the Independenta burning for per week, brought about extreme air and sea air pollution close to Istanbul and the Marmara Sea. It was estimated that 30,000 tons of crude oil burned and that the remaining 64,000 tons spilled into the ocean. Because of the fast evaporation of the sunshine elements, the crude oil rapidly sank to the underside of the ocean in an space roughly 5.5 km in diameter. Accused of not respecting worldwide navigational guidelines and pilot directions, the captain and 7 members of the Evrialy’s crew have been arrested.

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