On Saturday 22 February 2020 a web page has been turned within the historical past of nuclear energy in France. French state-owned vitality large EDF shut down the primary reactor of the Fessenheim nuclear energy plant, after 43 years in operation. It was the nation’s oldest nuclear energy plant. The second reactor is to be taken off line on June 2020. Dismantling of Fessenheim is anticipated to take 20 years. The preparatory section will final round 5 years. By 2025, all used gas could have left the positioning for processing at La Hague. Decommissioning will then start beneath the shut supervision of the French nuclear security authority (ASN).
The Fessenheim nuclear energy plant is increasing its services on a 106-hectare web site, within the coronary heart of the Rhine financial basin and alongside the Grand Canal of Alsace. It is positioned on the territory of the municipality of Fessenheim, 30 kilometers from Mulhouse and Colmar, close to Germany and Switzerland.
The energy plant has 2 electrical energy manufacturing models of 900 MW every, of the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) kind. It has been related to the nationwide electrical energy community since 1977 and produced a median of 11 billion kWh annually – the equal of 70% of the consumption of a area like Alsace – safely and with out CO2 emissions.
EDF stated that since its commissioning, the Fessenheim plant has built-in compliance with environmental necessities in any respect ranges of the manufacturing chain and for all of its actions.
The Fessenheim plant has acquired quite a lot of media consideration since François Hollande pledged in 2012 to close down the plant. His successor Emmanuel Macron confirmed this dedication. It was initially deliberate that the plant can be shut down when the Flamanville EPR was put into service. The closing of Fesseheim is seen by many in France as a call pushed by political concerns and never by technical points.
In 1967, the development of a nuclear energy station close to Fessenheim was determined by General de Gaulle. At that point, the French experimental nuclear reactors in service belonged to the graphite-gas sector (with pure or barely enriched uranium as gas, graphite as moderator and a gasoline – CO2 or helium – as coolant).
In 1969, the American firm Westinghouse Electric was chosen to represent the brand new French nuclear energy plant. Construction of the Fessenheim energy plant started in September 1971 (for reactor 1, development of reactor 2 began in February 1972). The two reactors have been related to the grid in 1977, respectively in April and October.
France has 58 nuclear energy reactors in operation and one EPR reactor beneath development on the Flamanville web site. Nuclear energy vegetation accounted for 71.7% of complete French electrical energy era in 2018, and about 90% of France’s electrical energy comes from low carbon sources (nuclear and renewable).
(Source: EDF/Nuclear Engineering/Wikipedia/France Bleu/Connaissance des Energies – Image: the solar units on Fessenheim NPP/DW)
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