First business electrical energy generated by a nuclear reactor was produced at Obninsk, Russia in 1954.
Uranium was found in 1789 by Martin Klaproth, a German chemist, and named after the planet Uranus. Decades later, in December 1951, on the Experimental Breeder Reactor EBR-I in Arco, Idaho, USA, for the primary time electrical energy – illuminating 4 mild bulbs – was produced by nuclear power. However, EBR-I used to be not designed to supply electrical energy. On June 26, 1954, at Obninsk, Russia, the nuclear energy plant APS-1 with a web electrical output of 5 MW was linked to the ability grid, the world’s first nuclear energy plant that generated electrical energy for business use. The science metropolis of Obnisk is situated at about 100 km southwest of Moscow. The plant produced electrical energy from 1954 to 2002, then was used as analysis and isotope manufacturing plant. For round four years, till the opening of the Sibirskaya Nuclear Power Station, within the metropolis of Tomsk, Obninsk remained the one nuclear energy reactor within the Soviet Union. The subsequent Soviet nuclear energy plant to be linked to their grid was Beloyarsk Unit 1 in 1964 with a capability of 100 MW. In 1956 the primary business nuclear energy plant, Calder Hall 1, with a web electrical output of 50 MW was linked to the UK nationwide grid. In 1958 the primary business nuclear energy plant within the United States, Shippingport Atomic Power Station, was opened. In 1964, France’s first energy reactor, EDF1, was operational at Chinon, on the Loire river.
According to the International Atomic Energy Agency there are presently 454 operable civil nuclear energy reactors around the globe, with an additional 54 below building.
TEPCO’s Kashiwazaki-Kariwa plant in Japan is presently the world’s largest nuclear energy plant, with a web capability of seven,965MW.
(Image: Obninsk NPP)
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