There was a primary oil spill within the Kolva river in 1983 however the second, eleven years later, was a lot bigger. A badly corroded pipeline working between the Kharyaga oilfield and the city of Usinsk, simply south of the Arctic circle, had been leaking for eight months, contained by a dike erected across the leak web site. On October 1st 1994, extreme climate circumstances prompted this dam to break down, ensuing within the 2 million barrels gathered oil, spilling throughout the delicate Siberian tundra and into the Kolva River, a tributary of the Pechora River that flows into the Barents Sea. The firm concerned on this oil spill was Komineft, accountable for the 20-year outdated pipeline, has a historical past of accidents brought on by age and corrosion. Komineft was fined $600000 for its pipeline spill, though the corporate was unable to pay a lot of the sum due to monetary issues.
Residents stated the oil that leaked from the ruptured Usinsk pipeline was solely a fraction of what has been steadily seeping into the tundra and its rivers for the reason that first Soviet oil rig started pumping within the area in 1974.
The Kolva river catastrophe is a part of the world’s ten largest oil spills.
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