The earliest reference to grease in America was within the 1600s. Seneca Indians knew of “oil springs” in southwestern New York and western Pennsylvania. Locally, oil roots hint again to the late 1700s.
Oil was found produced and marketed from wells dug in southeast Ohio, 45 years earlier than the historic 1859 Drake oil effectively in Titusville, Pennsylvania. Digging a effectively within the seek for salt brine in 1814, Silas Thorla and Robert McKee encountered undesirable oil alongside Duck Creek in Noble County. A second effectively was drilled in 1816 to a reported depth of 475 ft. Both wells had been drilled utilizing the spring pole technique. The combination recovered from the wells was positioned in barrels, permitting the oil to separate and float on the floor. The oil was then wrung from the blankets, bottled as Seneca Oil, and offered as a “treatment all” drugs. The 1816 effectively survives right now, at Thorla McKee Park on the intersection of state routes 78 and 564. On October 7, 2014, the 200th anniversary of the primary effectively was celebrated with a competition and dedication of the park, operated by the Noble County Historical Society.
In late 1859, blacksmith William Jeffrey drilled the primary effectively in Ohio particularly supposed to supply petroleum. This effectively was positioned in Mecca Township, Trumbull County, northeast of Warren. In 1860, one of many first oil fields in Ohio was found alongside Duck Creek, 10 miles southeast of the Thorla-McKee effectively, close to the small city of Macksburg in Washington County. A effectively drilled on Willian Rayley’s farm found oil at a depth of 59 ft. These wels set off the primary Duck Creek oil growth.
By 1862, there have been two oil refineries alongside the Ohio River close to Marietta. The Civil War introduced an finish to the Ohio oil growth however within the early 1870s, drilling resumed, and shortly deeper oil-rich sands had been found. In 1886 as much as 500 wells had been drilled within the Macksburg space with oil manufacturing peaking at three,500 barrels per day. By 1900, the oil growth was over and Macksburg turned a small, quiet farming neighborhood once more.
In 1883, Ohio ranked fifth amongst oil-producing states, behind Pennsylvania, West Virginia, New York, and California, with complete manufacturing reaching 47,000 barrels. But Ohio manufacturing climbed quickly, and in 1895 Ohio turned America’s main oil-producing state. Oil manufacturing peaked in 1896 at 24 million barrels. Ohio continued because the main oil state till 1902, when that title was taken by Oklahoma. More than 220,000 wells have been drilled in 67 of Ohio’s 88 counties, with 60,000 working as of 2000. These wells have produced greater than 1 billion barrels of oil and 9 trillion cubic ft of pure fuel. Much of the fuel manufacturing has occurred within the sandstone formations of jap Ohio. (Sources: Ohio Oil and Gas by Jeff Spencer and Mark Camp / Early Marietta / Wikipedia – Image: Early drilling days in Noble County / Image: Judy Robinson assortment)
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