The new strategy which can be utilized sooner or later to create a quantum pc was born in a dialogue between two physicists at Lobachevsky University: PhD pupil Anton Konakov and affiliate professor Denis Khomitsky. Subsequently, this concept grew to become a part of Anton’s PhD thesis, and a yr later assistant professor of the UNN Department of Theoretical Physics Anton Konakov utilized for a presidential grant and received it. The grant acquired by physicists of Lobachevsky University for additional analysis within the area of quantum applied sciences based mostly on topological insulators amounted to 1.2 million roubles. The two-year mission to be applied on the UNN may also contain some college students and postgraduates.
A single quantum pc can resolve some issues extra effectively and far quicker than a multi-core supercomputer. It has an enormous capability and might retailer way more info. In Russia, scientists are creating a quantum pc on the premise of Josephson qubits (quantum bits).
Qubits are analogs of the classical info carriers generally generally known as bits in computer systems. A quantum pc (in contrast to a typical one) doesn’t function with bits (which can be able to taking up the worth of both zero or 1). Qubits can assume each zero and 1 values concurrently.
The younger scientist is satisfied that it’s attainable to create a completely practical quantum pc on a movie a number of microns in dimension. At current, it has the scale of a standard pc, nevertheless it requires for its operation an enormous cooling plant, which might occupy an space similar to the huge rooms housing early computer systems. Anton’s area of pursuits is said to physics of semiconductor nanostructures and photonics.
One of the scientific issues on which physicists everywhere in the world are working is to harness gentle (photonics) for changing digital information switch. Photonic information switch provides apparent benefits of a lot better pace. To obtain this, an vital technological drawback must be solved: it’s vital to provide an emitter for this sort of information transmission. Silicon quantum dots, whose properties have been the item of investigation on the UNN for the reason that mid-1990s, can be utilized for this goal (to function a supply or a receiver of photons). The primary part of this analysis is on the high world stage. However, to begin sensible utility of quantum dots as emitters, it’s essential to develop a expertise for introducing silicon nanocrystals into built-in circuits. This a part of analysis and growth work is vital for creating new digital gadgets, reminiscence parts for computer systems and devices, photodetectors, gentle emitters and circuit parts which can be required for information transmission. (Source and picture: Lobachevsky University)


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