The expertise group Wärtsilä, in shut buyer cooperation with Knutsen OAS Shipping AS and Repsol, in addition to with the Sustainable Energy Catapult Centre, will start the world’s first long run, full-scale, testing of ammonia as a gas in a marine four-stroke combustion engine. The testing is made attainable by a 20 MNOK grant from the Norwegian Research Council by means of the DEMO 2000 programme.
“This is a superb instance that illustrates the significance of devoted petroleum R&D. This DEMO 2000 challenge is one other steppingstone for reaching our bold local weather targets and it’s also aligned with our just lately printed hydrogen technique. We have to develop and use new applied sciences that cut back emissions. We are very completely happy to assist growth work that may result in elevated use of ammonia as a gas in delivery and within the offshore sector. Know-how from this challenge may even present vital enter to the event of rules for the usage of ammonia and different low-carbon fuels”, says Tina Bru, Norwegian Minister of Petroleum and Energy.
Ammonia is promising as a carbon-free gas for marine purposes, in view of the maritime business’s have to fulfil the International Maritime Organisation’s imaginative and prescient of decreasing greenhouse gasoline emissions from delivery by no less than 50 p.c by 2050. Furthermore, ammonia has big potential for offering inexperienced power to distant energy programs, akin to offshore installations on the Norwegian Continental Shelf.
Development work by Wärtsilä, because it prepares for the usage of ammonia as a gas, continues with this testing programme, which would be the world`s first full-scale four-stroke combustion engine check. The challenge will start within the Sustainable Energy Catapult Centre’s testing amenities at Stord, Norway in the course of the first quarter of 2021.
“We are actually excited to additional develop and perceive the combustion properties of ammonia as a carbon free gas in considered one of our multi-fuel engines”, says Egil Hystad, General Manager, Market Innovation at Wärtsilä Marine Business.
Wärtsilä, as a part of its growth work on future fuels, has studied the usage of ammonia as a future carbon-free gas by means of the ZEEDS initiative. The firm’s first ammonia combustions exams have been commenced in Vaasa, Finland, in winter 2020, and can proceed with this long-term testing on the Sustainable Energy Catapult Centre amenities in Stord.
“We are extraordinarily happy to be a part of this challenge that may show for the business the robustness of ammonia as gas. The challenge confirms our check amenities’ and Norway’s main place throughout the testing and growth of options for the usage of maritime carbon-free fuels”, says Willie Wågen, CEO of Sustainable Energy Catapult Centre. The centre is a part of the Norwegian Catapult programme that facilitates a nationwide infrastructure for innovation. The programme is run by SIVA in shut cooperation with Innovation Norway and the Norwegian Research Council and financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries.
The full-scale gas testing programme can pave the way in which for ammonia engines for use in actual vessel operations inside few years, and several other shipowners have proven curiosity on this chance. It may even present vital insights into the long-term impact of an ammonia fueled engine in relation to different programs and parts in a vessel, together with the required security measures.
(Source and picture: Wärtsilä – Lab check of ammonia engine)

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