In June 2017, France took the choice to cease granting licenses for oil and fuel exploration as a part of a transition in the direction of environmentally-friendly power. This extremely political resolution was not that onerous to take as France’s produces solely 16,500 barrels per day. The resolution may even be taken as a non-event as a single properly (7BUZ-10-RJS) within the Buzios subject within the deepwater of Brazil produced 70,000 barrels per day in November 2020.
France has nonetheless been, all through historical past, a pioneer within the seek for oil.
In 1741, the swiss entrepreneur Charles Ancillon De La Sabloniere created the primary oil firm by shares in japanese France, making Pechelbronn the oldest of the oil firms.
In 1846 a modest French engineer, Pierre Pascal Fauvelle, invented the rotary and hydraulic drilling method in addition to the reverse circulation drilling course of.
At Pechelbronn in 1927, Conrad Schlumberger carried out the primary electrical log ever.
But probably the most lovely story of the fuel and oil business in France was the invention and the exploitation of an enormous fuel deposit at Lacq, within the southern fringe of the Aquitaine basin.
All began with the invention of a fuel deposit on the foot of the Pyrenees, close to the village of Saint Marcet on July 14, 1939. After a number of years of drilling and dissatisfied hopes oil was found at Lacq, in 1949, at about 700 meters deep. The anticline was recognized with two exploration geophysics electrical traces in 1943 and a magnetotelluric survey in 1943, a gravimetric survey in 1944 and a mirrored image seismology survey in 1947, which led to the Lacq No. 1 properly in 1949.
It was determined to drill deeper. Slow and tough drilling by means of very compact formations didn’t yield outcomes. A small quantity of oil was encountered at 3450 meters.
On December 19, 1951, at three,555 meters, an enormous blowout occurred, releasing as much as 300,000 cubic meters of fuel per day.
A reputed US professional, Myron Kinley , was referred to as. After two months of onerous work, on February 24, 1952, the properly was efficiently caped. Kinley left Lacq with a last advice: “Don’t take anymore probabilities, overlook about this fuel subject, it’s a bomb…Plug and abandon your wells, sow grass and graze cows.”
Over the years, successive drilling and related investments, Lacq turned the primary and distinctive jewel of Frances oil and fuel business. One of the best fuel fields on this planet at the moment, nested in the course of modest agricultural farms.
The Lacq Basin has been each an industrial journey and a social one (creation of the town of Mourenx). The Lacq Gas Field, 16km lengthy by 10km huge, was a structural lure situated in an anticline which shaped within the southern a part of Aquitaine Basin. By its depth (> four,000 meters), its preliminary strain of 9,670 psi, the excessive share of hydrogen sulphide, Lacq was at the moment an unimaginable problem that engineers needed to overcome. They did it with success.
The subject was first operated by the Société Nationale des Pétroles d’Aquitaine, shaped in 1940.
The subject reached peak manufacturing in 1970 with a capability of 33 million cubic meters per day, assembly one-third of French demand. Having produced for greater than fifty years the sector was slowly nearing depletion within the early 2010’s.
On October 18, 2013, Total, Europe’s third-biggest oil firm, ceased the industrial manufacturing of pure fuel at Lacq.
The curtain fell on probably the most lovely story of the oil and fuel in France.
(Source: Agnès Laurent/ L’épopée du gaz de Lacq/Wikipedia/Arkema)
The publish DECEMBER 1951 – DISCOVERY OF LACQ GAS FIELD IN SOUTHWESTERN FRANCE appeared first on Energy Global News.